• September 17, 2023

In the past decade or so the main publicity in Europe has been on the aspirations of the Catalans and Scots to achieve independence.

However there are a broad range of separatist groups from the Urals to the Atlantic.

The wish of nations to have national homelands is not an irrational one. National self-determination is the spine of the international political system. After the First World War, the League of Nations and the mandate system were partially organized to bring political entities nearer to acknowledging the dream of a nation-state. A century on that dream for many is still unfulfilled.

Many political entities continue to aspire to full sovereignty. Below is a list and map of territories with strong nationalist tendencies:

Albania: Northern Epirus

Azerbaijan: Artsakh

Belgium: German-speaking Community, Flanders Community, Wallonia

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska, Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia

Czech Republic: Moravia, Czech Silesia

Denmark: Bornholm, Faroe Islands

Finland: Åland

France: French Basque Country, Historic Brittany, Northern Catalonia, Corsica, Savoy, Occitania, Provence, Alsace, Brittany, Corsica, Alpes-Maritimes, Normandy, Savoy

Georgia: Abkhazia, South Ossetia

Germany: Bavaria, East Frisia, Lusatia, Rhineland, Schleswig-Holstein, Baden-Württemberg

Italy: Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Insubria, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Mezzogiorno (Southern Italy), Padania (Northern Italy), Sardinia, Sicily, South Tyrol, Tuscany, Trentino, Aosta Valley, Umbria, Veneto

Kosovo: North Kosovo

Lithuania: Polish National-Territorial Region

Macedonia: Albanian community

Moldova: Transnistria, Gagauzia, Taraclia

Netherlands: Frisia, Groningen, Limburg

Poland: Upper Silesia, Kashubia

Romania: Székely Land

Russia: Karelia, Tatarstan, Kaliningrad, Chechnya, Circassia, Karachay-Balkaria

Serbia: Vojvodina, Sandžak, Kosovo

Slovakia: Southern Slovakia

Spain: Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, Basque Country, Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castile, Catalonia, Galicia, León, Navarre, Valencia, Cartagena, Extremadura, Castilla–La Mancha, Murcia, Aran Valley

Switzerland: Jura region

Ukraine: Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Lugansk, Donbas, Kharkiv, Novorossia

United Kingdom: Cornwall, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Shetland, Wales, Wessex, Yorkshire, Northumbria, Northern Isles, Orkney, Shetland, Na h-Eileanan Siar, Mercia, Isle of Man

Bernard Moffatt

AGS Celtic League (17th September 2023)

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